Dear brothers and sisters, within next several months I shall point the two edged sword upon the subject that has much undeservedly been ignored by Protestantism in general and by us Reformed Christians in particular – that subject being of upmost importance, that being the one of the fallacy of the Eastern Orthodox Christianity in general and Serbian Orthodox Church in particular. What I am about to preach and teach pains me much as I am rather sure that it pains you to and it most certainly pains God as none of us takes any pleasure in knowledge that unknown millions of our fellow men and women are marching steadfastly in a direction of condemnation and ultimately hell. We the Reformed Christians MUST take upon ourselves the knowledge that our dearest, sometimes our families, friends, neighbors in the narrow and in most vide sense of the term are our missionary field and that it is upon us to spread our doctrine and theology in shape of wave upon wave of saving faith starting from this very pulpit and to the ends of the spiritually contaminated area of Eastern Orthodoxy. Having said that I would appeal to each and every one of you to reach towards your families, friends and neighbors and to invite them to attend each and every sermon, and that should they be prevented for any reason to listen to it from the sermon library of the web presentation of our Church.
With much of the attention of the Reformation being streamlined in a direction of the false religion of the Roman Catholic Church, it has been inexcusably omitted that about 200 to 300 million souls belonging to Eastern Orthodoxy are in many ways not only following but in fact leading the way of fallacious dogma and theology for the last XXI centuries.
“Knowing this first, that no prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” (2 Peter 1:21)
Peter one of Christ’s disciples clearly indicates his unshakable certainty that all the Scripture is breath by the Holy Spirit. Equally so, during his Earthly ministry our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, and I do pray that you keep in mind that the Old Testament represented the only Holy Scripture at the time, as Messiah and source of Christianity thought that all of the Old Testament Scriptures are fully inspired by God and indeed absolutely infallible. Indeed I shall let his own words reverberate this truth in your ears,
“For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.” (Matthew 5:18)
In my preaching I shall keep the mindset of our Lord and his disciples thus do bare with me as I briefly walk you through historical angle concerning the Old Testament. Jewish cannon of the Old Testament which is also known as “the narrow cannon, or the Palestinian cannon” is in its entirety identical to the Protestant cannon of the Old Testament. Two differences are apparent though in that the Jewish version has combined some of the books together thus making for a total of 24 instead of 39 Biblical books. The other difference regards the order of the Old Testament books, as the Jewish version begins with Genesis and ends with second book of Chronicles instead of with the book of the prophet Malachi.
The oldest text dealing with the content of the Old Testament represents the writing of Josifus Flavius, around 100 after Christ. According to his writing the main characteristic of the Old Testament is contained within a very fact that the Scriptures were God’s unquestionable proclamation of his sovereignty that took place in times of the Prophets and thus are without any doubt God inspired and breath. Josifus stated that Holy Scripture contains the history of the World from its formation all the way to the reign of king Artaxerxes the first of Persia. Indeed the cannon of the Old Testament was formed in time of the reign of Artaxerxes the first around the year of 424 BC. It is generally accepted that the task was started and partially accomplished by prophet Ezra while prophet Nehemiah finished the task.
However, although the cannon of the Old Testament was completed already in the V century BC in coming centuries additional Jewish historical books that did contain some religious tracts appeared. In 274 BC in city of Alexandria the translation of the seventy (or 72 as it may be the case) Septuaginta included those apocryphal books which is another means of stating that they do contain some historical writings yet as not God inspired texts and thus they deviate from the rest of the Old Testament. Josiphus commented “It is not that we have numerous books that deviate one from another or contradict each other. We have only 22 book which contain history of all times, books onto which we rightfully placed our faith. From those, five are books of Moses which contain laws and the earliest traditions from creation up the moment of Moses’s death. After Moses, all through to the time of Persian king Artaxerxes I, prophets that followed after Moses wrote down history of events as they revealed themselves in their times, all together in thirteen books. The remaining four documents contain hymns to God and practical wisdom for men. From the time of Artaxerxes, every event has been dully documented, however the new scriptures were not held in high regard (unlike the ones that preceded them) as there were no more prophets around. Our firm stand concerning prophetic writings is reflected in fact that nobody even tried to add or subtract a single letter, although a lengthy period of 500 years has passed thus far. Every Jew holds that those books are God’s commandments and laws and that he or she has to abide to them to the point of if necessary laying their life down for them.”
What Josifus wrote can clearly be confirmed by very words of our Lord Jesus Christ. He, indeed, has never (not once) referred to the apocrypha even though they existed and were contained within the opus of the Septuaginta, and have been dully read by Jews in diaspora. Jesus equally never referred to a single word of the Rabbinical writings which was otherwise most common practice among all the Jews of His day (as much as it is in our day for that matter). Jesus only quoted the God inspired texts of the Septuaginta, among which was God’s warning to lawless Jews of his time, in which he emphasized that due to the fact that they have rejected the Messiah the God’s righteous judgement shall befall them: “Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and cricify; and some of the shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city; That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.” (Matthew 23: 33 – 36)
As is evidenced by this passage Jesus mentions “all the righteous blood” connecting it to Abel which appears in first Moses’ 4: 8 – 11 and to Zacharias death which is described in 2nd Cornicles 24: 20 – 22. Although many other unnamed God’s servants have lost their lives after the God inspired books of the Old Testament were written, and most notably in times of the Maccabean revolt – all of which is indeed contained within pages of Septuaginta, our Lord Christ has by mentioning the names of two innocent victims, from the very beginning and the very end of the Jewish Bible – confirmed that He himself held that Genesis represents the beginning while the 2nd Cornicles is the last book of God’s Old Testament revelation (again let me emphasize – without the apocrypha). Finally around the year of 90 after Christ in Jamnia Council of Jewish Rabbis confirmed the finality and validity of the Old testament that excluded the apocrypha. That is to say in the form which we hold in our hands today.
Regardless of the fact that for centuries thereafter the cannon of the Old Testament contained the very books that we are recognizing as appropriately divinely inspired the Roman Catholic Church took rather decisive step in opposite direction, at the fourth session of the Council of Trent (in year 1546), to broaden the cannon of the Old Testament to 46 books in total (instead of 39) including additions to Daniel, or the Prayer of Azariah and the additions to Ester, which in effect represents the Greek Alexandrian translation known as I have already stated Septuaginta. This, my brothers and sisters, is the situation that one finds in Roman Catholic Bible of these days, and it shall remain thus given the infallibility of Roman Catholic Church.
On the other hand all of the Eastern Orthodox Churches as indeed was the case with the Serbian Orthodox Church introduced and accepted the extended version of the Old Testament in accordance with teachings of Atanatius of Alexandria (who held firm belief that the book of Baruch is fully canonical one), Kiril of Jerusalim and others. Such a position within the Serbian Orthodox Church was thereafter upheld by Saint Sava in his Nomocannon. However, in contrast to the unanimity that existed among the Eastern Orthodoxy in the earliest centuries, nowadays within the Serbian Orthodox theological circles there are two clearly discernable fractions at work. On the one hand are those that hold belief that the real Cannon of the Old Testament is so called Palestinian or shorter version of the Cannon (as is the case in translation by Djuro Danicic) while the other current which includes majority of the theologians of younger generation propagate upholding of the Alexandrian or the longer Cannon. This Cannon contains all of the books of the Palestinian cannon as well as all the Apocryphal books that have found its way into the Cannon upon consideration and finally decisions of many of the early Church Fathers: Basil the Great, Kiril of Alexandria, Jefrem of Siria etc…. As incredible as it sounds, the Eastern Orthodoxy is awaiting the coming of the next Council upon which, with the slight delay of about 21 centuries, they should finally decide upon the cannon that should be upheld by all of the Orthodox churches. Having said that, I shall enlighten you my dear brothers and sisters with the very fact that already today Theological Faculty of the Serbian Orthodox Church is teaching its students based upon a curriculum that contains the following – First Esdras, book of Tobit, book of Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, The Wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach, letter of Jeremiah, book of Baruch, First, second and third Maccabees and Second Esdras which in reality represents widening of the Alexandrian cannon which I emphasize again is the cannon upheld and in use by the Roman Catholic Church.
In fact, one of the most important Synods of the Eastern Orthodox Church was the one held in 1672 in Jerusalem. It was convoked in order to suppress the influence of Kiril of Lukaria and “group of Calvinists”, and upon that Synod it was explicitly decided that the books of Wisdom of Solomon, book of Judith, book of Tobit, Additions to Daniel and the four Maccabees are canonical.
Although I could say much more about the subsequent Synods of Eastern Orthodox Churches such as the one in Cartagena and following ones it is crystal clear that only Protestant and Evangelical Churches represent the only ones that honor the cannon of the Old Testament that was confirmed by our Lord Jesus Christ, in contrast to Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox (the later ones who have not resolved the issue of which books belong to the Old Testament even after 2000 years of Christianity – and I do pray that they do resolve this “minor” issue prior to Christ return) I shall now direct your attention in a direction of the genesis of the New Testament – according to Eastern Orthodox Church.
This issue is of upmost importance as the theologians of Eastern Orthodox Church incessantly insist upon thesis that Christ’s Church (in their understanding that represents the synonym for Eastern Orthodox Church) existed before the New Testament, thus that it was the Eastern Orthodox Church the very one that wrote and decisively influenced final compilation of the cannon of the New Testament! Translated into any worldly language that means that only the “true and authentic” Christ’s Church (i.e. Eastern Orthodox Church) is the one that possesses the authority and blessing of the Holy Spirit to offer the only true meaning of the New Testament. This thesis is particularly, and often, voiced in disagreements between the Reformed Christian Churches and the Eastern Orthodox Church upon numerous issues of validity of Eastern Orthodox beliefs which have absolutely no basis in Holy Scripture and with which needless to say Reformed Churches cannot and will not agree to.
Here I shall offer to you exemplary reasoning of proto deacon Radomir Rakic upon the subject:
“The very existence and nature of the cannon implies existence of the Church. By this I state that without the Church there would have been no New Testament. In the very same manner as the New Testament represents a response (appeasement) of the Apostles and their followers to Christ, thus the Church represent the same appeasement; however, the New Testament is the fruit of the Church while the Church is not the fruit of the New Testament. The Church can preach, as it in fact did, gospel without intervention of the New Testament while the New Testament could not come into existence outside the very Church.”
Now as I have explained to you my brothers and sisters the monolithic stand of the Eastern Orthodox Church that it was this very Church that brought into existence the New Testament, and thus are the only ones to render the interpretation, in contrast to all others – and specially Protestants, I will place before you the question, When did the New Testament came into existence, or to put it more precisely when were the books of the New Testament written?
The fact that the New Testament books were written several decades upon the formation of Christ’s Church (which was born on the day of Pentecost – exactly ten days after Jesus’s assention to Heaven) – is a fact which no one, least of all Reformed Christians are going to bring into question. Thus, it is true that the Church, i.e. some of the members of the Church – Apostles and their disciples wrote the New Testament. It is equally true that the Church was at least for two decades without any New Testament writing, and thus that the gospel was transmitted exclusively by oral transmission (oral tradition as Eastern Orthodox prefer to say). Needless to say, during the said time there were still present certain gifts of the Holy Ghost (which later on ceased) which were given to individual faithful in form of for example gift of prophecy (through which Holy Ghost annunciated to the early Christians the Will of God – exactly due to non existence of the authoritative written sources; as we can read in Acts 10:3 – 7; 9 – 16; 19; 13:1; 16: 6 – 7; 18:9; 21:7; 9:11; 1 Corinthians 12:10; 14: 4 – 5) It can be assumed, if one really intends to push the issue to its unreasonable limits, that the Church could have continued to exist without a single written source (in other words without the New Testament) yet only if it could stay in absolute measure true to Christ’s and Apostolic teaching and practice – which it would have to transmit without a single distortion from generation to generation. However, in line with the apostolic warnings, not only were the false teachers (judaizers, gnostics and others) already active in confusing simple-hearted Christians, but even some of the Christian elders (presbiters and bishops) chosen by the Apostles themselves rejected the true teachings “speaking perverse things to draw away disciples after them.” (Acts 20:28 -30) For this very reason it was of utter importance for Apostles to most clearly and in minute detail explain every scintilla of one and only true Christian dogma and to transfer it in just such a form to the Church. As you are most certainly aware, since the false teachers were not refrained from spreading false teachings while the Apostles were still alive, and even to win over some of the Christians that have initially heard the true gospel from the very mouths of the Savior himself, what could and would have happened in the absence of the written cannon that will contain the entire truth – within the Christ Church as soon as that was possible? True to the word, there are numerous written sources that indicate much confusion among the early Church fathers regarding which of the texts were Apostolic and which were not. On the other hand, due to certain misapplication of holy texts and their faulty interpretation by false teachers, Church authorities of the later centuries were brought into temptation and subsequently rejected along with the false texts the truly inspired Scriptural texts. Maybe the best example represents the rejection of the authenticity of John’s Revelation beginning in the IV century onwards although this book was held as absolutely authentic and in highest regard by the Church elders of the II century.
The fact that the Church Elders were not at the top of the task in terms of contending for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints, upon which it was warned by Jude in the second half of the first century, proves the text that I am about to deliver to you. Indeed, upon reading of the following we can learn that the Church of that era, or to be more precise its teachers, began to abandon some of the Apostolic sacred writings and at the same time to adopt some gnostic (heretic) texts as inspired by the Holy Spirit:
“This is the Roman stand: epistle to Hebrews was not contained within Muratorian Canon, and neither was it accepted by Ipolit, Gay and Novician. The same was the African stand. Tertullian cited epistle to Hebrews only once, and even when he did he attributed the said citation to epistle of Barnabas. In fact the first western Christian who held epistle to Hebrews to be fully God inspired cannonical book was Hilarius of Poictiers. On the other hand, epistle to Hebrews was held in highest esteem in Alexandria and further East. Panten (II century) believed that it was written by Apostle Paul yet anonymously as it was written to the Jews who would be much apprehensive should they know that Paul was its author. Kliment suggested that Paul did write the epistle in Hebrew and that Luke thereafter translated it into Greek. Towards the end of the IVth century there was much confusion in the West. Filastrius of Bresha (died 397) held that the epistle to Hebrews was Paul’s yet not canonical, on the other hand African Councils of 393 and 397 accepted as canonical “thirteen epistles of Apostle Paul” “including the one written by the same author to Hebrews”. The earliest evidence that dates back to the second century indicates that the Christian writers used only 1 Peter, and 1 John epistles (although in some instances the 2 John’s epistle was taken as just a part of the first). Such situation extended well into the III century as can be seen in writings of Ipolitus, Novitian, Ciprian and Origen which doubts other Scriptural epistles yet not John’s and Peter’s. Still later the only ones to have accepted John’s and Peter’s epistles as Scriptural and canonical were Diodor of Tarsus (died around 394) and Nestorius (died in 451). More complete index may be gained from Origen’s writings as he accepted all seven council epistles, yet he still doubted in James, Juda’s and 2 Peter’s. However, majority of Greek authors of the IV century had no doubt in any of the said epistles and their opinion was determining one both for the West and for the East.
Do let me repeat John’s Revelation was highly venerated by all authors of the II century, at least the ones known to us today…. In the IV century Revelation was rejected by all Eastern authorities other than the ones in Alexandria. Western Syrian authors did not accept it prior to the V century; East Syrian authors indeed never did. Even in the IX century many Greek speaking Christian authorities still looked upon this book with much suspicion.
As can be discerned with much clarity, upon what I have preached and indeed thought thus far, many of the ones that are highly revered within Eastern Orthodoxy today as “saints” or “blessed” not only did not in any way shape or form contribute positively in creation of the cannon of the New Testament, but have openly held contradictory stands in regards of heresy of vast variety of Scriptural and God inspired writings. In diverse parts of the Roman Empire were present and indeed read most diverse books of much unknown origin, and even more those were held as most authoritive. As is evidenced from many writings, I have taken Radomir Rakic, Eastern Orthodox Church held firm to numerous apocryphal epistles, and in particular to the gospel of Thomas, which they absolutely refused to reject although they were most certainly capable of recognizing that it was much tainted by gnosticism. What is of upmost importance for you to understand and accept, prior to my subsequent preaching, is that current Eastern Orthodox Church many of its beliefs base upon ancient apocrypha, which absolutely have nothing to do with the New Testament. That is particularly visible concerning details about the birth and life of Mary, Jesus mother, which comes straight from the pages of pseudo – epistle of James that dates to late II century and is brim filled with spicy legends which can not be brought in line with any of the Apostolic texts. Likewise, so called, gospels of Jews and Egyptians, as well as the gospel of Thomas contain some gnostic ideas about exaltation of celibacy vis-a-vis married life, and thus it can hardly be puzzling that the Christian monastic movement first appeared in Egypt and then spread to Greece … and Serbia. Albeit, one thing that I must emphasize with particular attention renders itself from the fact that most of the contemporary Eastern Orthodox authors, without any pardon, dare to state that part of the New Testament apocrypha does not contain even a iota of heresy, and that in their opinion those apocrypha should be read by Christians for some form of what must be most bizarre doctrinal teaching. That this is not the case – to be more precise, to prove that there is much heretical in these apocrypha – I shall prove citing details form apocryphal gospel of Nicodimus, which was written sometime in III century, and for which Bishop of rasko – prizrenska district Artemije wrote in eparchial publication “Saint prince Lazar”:
“Some of those apocryphal texts were written to fill the whole that really exists in rendering of life of our Lord Jesus Christ as well as those of the Apostles. 27 books of the New Testament do not contain many details that pious folk soul wishes to learn, specially the growing up of Jesus Christ…” Piety of folk soul I guess could be demonstrated by the very fact that this apocryphal gospel exist in 180 Slavic translations.
Given that it contains nothing heretical I shall bring it forth per your perusal my brothers and sisters.
Bare with me for but a brief moment prior to my rendering of this benign text to your attention. I would like you to follow with upmost attention and to try to recognize the width of the factual gap that exist between God inspired scriptures and the apocryphal texts – and thus to conclude that the apocrypha was most rightfully thrown into… well I shall let you judge.
“The Gospel of Nicodemus states: “The Jews say to him *that is to Pilate): He said, I can destroy that temple, and in three days raise it again. Pilate said to them: what temple? The Jews say to him: The temple which Solomon built in forty and six years; and he says that he can destroy and build it in three days.”
Now the author of this text has erred in at least several instances in just this one brief example. The first error indicates his utter ignorance about the Old Testament which most clearly states that Solomon built the Temple in exactly seven years and six months, and most certainly not in 46 years. “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD…. And in the eleventh year, in the month of Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.”(1Kings 6)
The second mistake that the author made is also related to 46 years of the building of the Temple, and to put it in plain words the author had most erroneous understanding of the Gospel of John. “Jesus answered and said unto the, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body.” (John 2:19 – 21) The issue in question is that the Temple, shall I call it New Testament Temple, is not Solomon’s one but the one that Herod began to rebuild in 20 BC and when the citation of John took place that would indeed make it 46 years. In fact by the year 70. after Christ when Rome destroyed the Temple, Herod’s Temple was far from being finished.
One thing that I dare not deny the author of this apocryphal text is a lack of imagination. He reports part of the letter that Pilate has sent to Roman Cezar in relation to happenings in Judea, and more precisely with the crucifixion, death, burial, resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.
“I delivered him (Christ) unto their will: and they crucified him. And when they crucified him, there was darkness over the land until the ninth our, for the sun was darkened, and the stars in the heavens gave no voice, and the moon as bloody presented itself for dead Jesus Christ on the cross, and the veil of the temple was rent asunder in the midst, and the Earth shook and the earth split up and abys came about all the way down to hades, and the tombs opened and some rose from the dead, and those were of those same Jews whom they called righteous patriarchs Avraam, Isak and Jacob and others with them. And they appeared for a time, and became invisible again as many Jews testify, having seen all the prophets and the righteous ones that introduced themselves three and a half thousand years ago. And I have seen many of them. And the Earth trembled from the sixth hour to the ninth hour on Friday. And on Saturday there was a thunder from heavens. And the light abounded, brighter it was seven fold from the light of the sun. And in the middle of the night came men of stature, man of old, dressed in shiny clothes and shouted: Crucified Christos arose! Rise onto heaven all you righteous who are shined upon in Hades. And the number of the shined upon youth was impossible to count. And that night the shining endured. And the abys that opened swallowed many, that fell in and were lost and were never found, the ones that turned on Christ. I myself am the witness of thus. And by fear and terror was I overcome for I saw what I newer saw and I heard what I never heard. Thus I tremble for those sights and, fearing your majesty I described and dispatched to your magnificence what befell with Jesus, and what I saw on the night of his death, and what the Jews did to Jesus. And these things have I reported for this cause, lest some other should lie unto thee and thou shouldest deem right to believe the false tales of the Jews.”
As is most plainly clear this account is diametrically opposed to the Apostles accounts. The points of divergence are numerous. I shall start with the apocrypha indicating that during Christs crucifixion there was an apparent lunar eclipse. At the same time the moon was as if bloody which is to say the very least most doubtful. Should we compare this tale with the account as presented in Mathew 27:45 one can not but come away with a conclusion that what the author of the apocrypha was describing was but a mere lunar eclipse although then again it remains rather mysterious how was it possible to see the moon. On the other hand, although the Holy Scripture does inform us about the earthquake and falling apart of the rocks (Mathew 27:51) it says absolutely nothing about the abys that stretched all the way down to hades. And why the word hades? Going along, the Holy Scripture does state the fact that many of the Old Testament righteous ones rose from their graves at the very moment of Christ’s death (or his resurrection) (Mathew 27:52 – 53) it does say nothing about resurrection of Abram, Isac and Jacob or any of the Old Testament prophets for that matter. Mentioning that they perished 3500 years prior to Christ is not any the less puzzling as is widely accepted with upmost certainty that Patriarchs Abram, Isac and Jacob lived between 2000 and 1800 years prior to Jesus’s time, and the period of 3500 years puts them around the time preceding the Flood, and only several hundred years since the creation itself, the time period that God’s Word describe as the time of great lawlessness – needles to say without any mention that within that time period some righteous were going around (Genesis 6: 6 – 7; 13) None of the Apostles records that the earth shook for three hours (from the sixth hour to the ninth hour on Friday) but that it happened momentarily at the precise time of Christ’s death. The fairy tale about thousands of angels appearing during the night separating Saturday from Sunday (And the light abounded, brighter it was seven fold…) Should something similar have happened one would expect that one of Christ’s disciples would mentioned it as that most certainly would have immeasurably helped them in strengthening their faith which was faltering about just that time. In contrast, on Sunday morning, upon learning about Christ’s resurrection the Apostles responded with disbelief. (Mark 16: 9 – 13). Rather amazingly, according to this apocrypha Pontius Pilate believed in Christ and his resurrection an entire day prior to his disciples – a deduction which is utterly within a realm of impossibility according to Holy Scripture. To make any further comparison seems rather pointless task in futility. However what is most certainly not futile represents the fact that apocrypha such as the Gospel of Nicodimus can be considered anything but harmless as bishop Artemie stated – as it propagates numerous historical falsehoods as well as numerous doctrinal fallacies. It is plainly heretical.
The horrifying fact is that the Gospel of Nicodimus is but one of the many that can and are heard throughout Eastern Orthodoxy. If one take into account that the so called Gospel of Tomas and similar teach that our Lord Jesus had carnal albeit loving relationship with Maria Magdalena, to have thought women that in order to be saved they have to become men, or indeed that Jesus actually did not die at the cross at all given that he did not possess human body, that there are God the Father and God the Mother, that Jesus had a twin brother, that there is no resurrection etc… are not unfamiliar to Eastern Orthodox tradition (topic that I shall cover in great length at the following sermon).
What is abundantly clear is that almost all of the apocryphal text date after the death of Christ’s Apostles, that is to say from the end of the first century onward. On the other hand, texts which we have within the opus of the New Testament were written by hands of Christ’s Apostles during the second half of the first century, and that they contain God inspired message necessary for salvation and through salvation appropriate Christian lives. Thus the New Testament was compiled and created by the first century apostolic Christ Church, and not by any means by the Orthodox church (which usurps rather shamelessly the claim of creator of the New Testament only because their “holy fathers” were, as I have plainly demonstrated all the way to the X century, utterly confused regarding which books are God inspired and which were heretical thus creating an overwhelming confusion for an entire millenium). Albeit, if we dare to face the truth, as we Reformed Christians do, we must conclude that the Orthodox Church has indeed created, yet not only the New Testament but the entire new Bible – their Bible.
pastor dr Đuro Trkulja
Reformatska hrišćanska crkva